Bootstrap- The Complete Guide For Beginners!

For faster & easier web development, Bootstrap (an awesome front-end framework)- an open source platform, and sleek, powerful & intuitive mobile first-end framework and using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. All you need to know is that it is the most popular HTML, CSS & JSS framework for creating responsive plus mobile first projects on the web. In August 2011, it was launched and has been taken on popularity.
From being a wholesomely CSS driven projects to include a host of plugins of JavaScript and icons that go hand in hand with buttons & forms. The fundamental feature is that it allows for responsive web designs as well as features a robust 12-column and 940 px-wide grid. Believing that started with this, it is pretty simple as dropping some CSS & JavaScript into the root of your website. It comes with a handful of useful elements and with Bootstrap, all you need to add thebootstrap.cssCSS file & optionally the JavaScript filebootstrap.jsinto the website.

The System Of Grid

Embracing “fluid grid system” architecture and the HTML file is consisting of rows & columns. Each row consists 12 columns (1 Row= 12 Columns). The rows need to be placed within a “.container” div. The content must be within columns and these columns may be children of rows.

Media Queries

To create breakpoints on the screen width, four media queries are used such as extra small, small, medium and large. This can also help to understand such ascol-xs,col-sm,col-md&col-lg.
File Structure
Including three folders such as css, js, and img. To avoid complexity, add these to the root of the project. It also includes minified versions of the CSS and JavaScript are included, too. It is not compulsion to include both minified & uncompressed versions.
Why Do You Need It?
Creating different interfaces for diverse gadgets are something impossible. And the simple solution is- Bootstrap.
Numerous gadgets are out there in the marketplace. Responsive designs are meant for it and there are no another better options apart from it. Since these design methods for fitting all types of screens. Moreover, it is completely mobile first approach, browser approach, responsive designs and easygoing to get started. Creating the responsive website, you have to use other CSS3 media queries. In the CSS file, you have to write again & again to the same elements with diverse locations and sizes for each resolution. That means, you have to do lots of work on one file, including checking it at least 12 different resolutions. For website developers, it provides a variety of powerful tools that are the huge benefits of powerful tools. Bootstrap offers the swift designs and responsible for responsive web designs, using ready-made templates designed for diverse elements such as sliders & menus. Get the following reasons to love with this technology, check it out:

  • Web Browser Support
  • Easy to get started
  • Responsive Designs
  • For building an interface, providing clean & uniform solutions
  • Web-based customization
  • Open Source
  • 13 JavaScript Plugins
  • Documentation
  • Cross Everything
  • Lightweight

When it comes to the deep hypothesis of this session then you may notice that it is not merely about the grid system nonetheless it is having collection of different components that help to make the procedure much easier. It consists of four featured things, including:

 

  • Scaffolding
  • Components
  • Base CSS
  • JavaScript Plugins

Scaffolding & Components
Scaffolding- it is built on responsive twelve-column grids, components & layouts. Layouts will be included fixed & fluid. When we talk about components then it includes Button Group, Drop Down, Navbar, Tabs, Breadcrumbs & Alerts.
JavaScript Plugins

 

The best thing is that you can use all plugins of Bootstrap totally through the markup API without writing a single code of JavaScript and embracing Modals, Carousel & Popover in plugins. And it’s absolutely amazing!
Bootstrap 3.2
As we mentioned earlier that it is compatible with each & every web browsers. The version 2.0 supports responsive web designs and that means the webpages adjust automatically. When we talk about version 3.0, it adopted a mobile first design philosophy and emphasizing responsive designs by default. It is completely open source and available on GitHub. The version 3.2 was launched in June, 2014 and focused only CSSS bug fixes & improved documentation. Get the features of this version of it such as:

Tools
Jetstrap

The common tool, for designers to make mockups in the framework of Bootstrap. Apart from looks of mockups, it comprises numerously for quick & easy creation. It is totally web-based and having a trail account for each to take it for a spin.

Button Generator

Do you want a quick & free way of generating buttons for bootstrap project? It can make it happen. It is truly simple and will get the task speedy more than anything. Last but not the least, it is free of cost.

 

Divshot.com

It is front development tool but not free and working with diverse frameworks, including Bootstrap. Embracing several features such as theme switcher, visual editor & component libraries. You’ll surely get quality product with it.

 

Bootply.com

The visual editor that believes on drag & drop interface to rapidly create designs and this is remarkable easy to use, reliable and absolutely free.

 

GetkickStrap.com

Chiefly front-end layer on top of Bootstrap and you’ll never see the backend code. You can get additional stuffs such as themes & other UI (User Interface) components that make front end development easier.

Templates

 

Simplicity

With modern flat designs, it is premium and fully responsive admin pack and using the framework- BootStrap 3.

Neon

For multi-purpose usage, it is a flat administrator template and using the latest version of it. Embracing approximately 60 HTML files that offer various great resources & layout options.

ProUI

The tool- ProUI overwrites the default style of it to match its own as such it extends it to bigger level without being complex & losing its simplicity. You will find out this professional, flexible administrator and contemporary solutions and utilizing in building all kinds of projects such as web applications plus backend website solutions.

Sass {Less}

Sass (Syntactically Awesome Stylesheet) & Less (the dynamic stylesheet language) and, in a nutshell, both are languages of styles-sheets. Sass- a scripting language that is interpreted into cascading style sheet. It’s an Open source and providing the mechanisms such as- Variables, Mixins, Nesting, and inheritance. Less is open source & maintainable CSS and providing the following mechanism such as variables, nesting, mixins, functions & operators. You’ll see the difference between Less & other CSS is that allowing real-time compilation through less.js by the browsers. Less is as much like as CSS in syntax, styles and structure.

Less (Quick Review)

  • Maintainable CSS
  • Usage: Client & Server Side
  • Dynamic Behavior: Variables, Mixins, Nested Elements, Operations & Functions

 

Choosing Between Sass & Less

When it comes to choosing between two then there are some reasons that would tell you which one is best? Here’s the following:

  • You can able to write re-usable methods & use logic statements (conditionals & loops). On the other hand, Less also can do this but in an “inefficient & counter-intuitive way”. Like Less, Sass has also come up with lots of handy functions, including parameter lists, mathematics & color manipulation.
  • If you are the user of Sass, you will be glad, due to that it can utilize the tremendous power of the compass library. Users of Less can also have libraries, but nothing is like the compass- we can say that it is incredible, regularly maintained & contributed by immense community. With compass, you will be able to add some additional features such as Foundation & Blueprint.

The Latest Version 3.3.2
Well, the release of the latest version of it has been all about accessibility improvements, bug fixes, and documentation updates. Here are some of the highlights of it, have a look!

  • Improved accessibility & added more accessibility guidance to our docs
  • Updated Glyphicons to v1.9
  • Deploying two more tools that are-Savage & @twbs-grunt

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